Terminalia belerica is used in traditional medicine due to the wide spectrum of pharmacological activities associated with the biologically active secondary metabolites present in this plant. It includes various phytochemicals like tannins, alkaloids, glycosides and saponins which exhibit medicinal activities like laxative, astringent, anthelmintic and antipyretic. Fruits are also useful in treatment of dyspepsia and diarrhea.
Emblica officinalis has a hallowed position in Ayurveda- an Indian indigenous system of medicine. It contains several chemical constituents like tannins, alkaloids and phenols. Amla fruit is widely used in the Indian system of medicine as alone or in combination with other plants and is used to treat common laxative, liver tonic, stomachic. Amla is also used for the treatment of various gastric ailments including dyspepsia.
Terminalia chebula is common medicinal plant used in Indian traditional medicines. It has been employed as a co-ingredient in Ayurvedic formula named ‘Triphala’. Three plants, such as Emblica officinalis, T. chebula, T. belerica are used in preparation of Triphala and utilized in ratio of 1:1:1. This formulation is useful as detoxifying agent of colon, purgative in chronic constipation, to help in digestion and as a body rejuvenator. Terminalia chebula also has mild laxative and antispasmodic effects and used in treatment of gastric disturbances.
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